Memories (Paris)

I heard a lot about Sheakspeare and Company bookshop at the heart of the Paris. I saw in it in some films for couple of times, but never thought I could go there one day.. So, after a quick search from the map and internet I went down to the streets from the Hotel. I knew that I could find no one to come with me but did not care about it, i just wanted to take my chance anyway..

After a bit confused mind, I went down from the metro in St.Germain Boulevard, and took a walk through St. Micheal’s. The bookshop must be around the Notre Dame de Paris Church. So i decided to move with asking about the church. After passed two different shops a black guy in the yellow and black painted bookshop on the right corner of the street, helped me to find it. I thanked him gently, and was in the Sheakspeare and Company after 5 mins.

God… The place was quite simple and intriguing that I was dying of happiness. So many people was coming and going from diverse directions. Can’t tell you how much I was happy while spending 4 hours in there… French, Chinese, Portugese, Italians and other people from far flung countries like me were all there to take a picture. After I discovered that bookshop with thhe splendid movie Before Sunrise and Before Sunset, that was a huge interest of me..

When I first get there, I thought I could stay until the last breath of my life. I was rushing through books and firstly saw of Jung’s Modern Man in Search Of a Soul, and Edward Said’s Orientalism was blinking to me from the corner;) Step by step, I touched all of them, felt, and carried some couple of with me. What was waiting for me on the upstairs was an amazing old books collection while a very nice piano melody shaking my soul from upstairs.. They were not for selling but reading for depends on the time you have.

Before leave, I saw so many people was leaving cute notes on the wall. So, why I wouldn’t try? I just did so.

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What’s happening?

Hello! I have to say, my visit to Paris has just completed with 4 amazing books from Sheaskpeare & Co.

Here you can find the list of my latest book shopping:

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1. Carl Gustave Jung – Modern Man in Search Of a Soul

2. Marcel Proust –  In Search Of Lost Time – Swann’s Way

3. Virginia Woolf – To The Lighthouse

4. Orhan Pamuk – My Name is Red

Emergence of Woman in Political Life 2

When we explore the situation from a social perspective, it’s necessary to suggest that women have never had a positive eye on them. Stereotypically, they are seen as vulnerable, and identified as an individual, who is not only suited for work that’s typically handled by a man such as construction and driving. As I’ve mentioned earlier, women have always recognized as the stay at home and take care of nothing but their children. It’s fair to say that things need to change, and the tables need to turn, this has slowly begun to happen as men are now willingly taking on women’s tasks such as childcare and nursing. It’s important to understand the framework of the social reform came to light during the 1990s. As a community, we have concrete claims concerning the philosophy that monitors the federal and provincial reforms. In other words the business of government is business. What does this mean? According to P. Armstrong in Women & Social Reform, this outlines the following:

  • Governments should operate on business principles adopting methods, developed in the private, for-profit sector.
  • The government should not do anything, the private sector can do.
  • Governments should promote the for-profit sector, both through a variety of direct and indirect supports, and through the removal of regulations and other forms of intervention that the market.

Generating income is one of the most important aspects in anyone’s life, and with this importance in mind, it’s ideal to mention Armstrong’s claims in Women & Social Reform once more. 15 years ago, in Canada, women were taken into employment through agencies and grants. It’s interesting to see 5.8% of women were working for Government services, in comparison to 6.5% of male workers. Educational services welcomed women with open arms, as 9.7% of women were employed. This is very interesting however; it’s not surprising because only 4.7% of men were in a position within the field of education. Health and social is no different, as women take the lead again by 14% with an outstanding 17.4% and men 3.4%. The last two industries strongly prove just how much the conventional stereotype of women existed, not only in 1996 but also in the 18th century. Women never had an opportunity to speak out; they were always silenced, and put aside as if they didn’t count for anything. They were left to do the one thing they knew best childcare, cooking and cleaning. The silence was finally broken in 1910, according to A. Lavrin, in Women, Feminism & Social Change In Argentina, Chile & Uruguay 1890 -1940s. It wasn’t until 1910, when women started to have a voice, particularly in the world of law. Slowly they became part of an important team of people (men) and eventually gained respect, and listened to. Females of this generation, took role in important debates, discussions and decisions. However, prior to this, women’s role was still questioned between 1915 and 1920.

Women’s lives were considered to be a very important factor, especially during the war, they were identified as agents to change and support the peacemakers. The female gender has shown a huge interest in their involvement with the peacemakers. If they were not so heavily involved with them, for example the leadership and organizations for women and human rights, resulted in women being unnoticed by the international community. Therefore, it is significantly important for everyone. For instance, the purpose of the women leaders within the human rights agency is to keep the international community aware of the on-going conflict happening in Chechnya and continuously growing unpredictability in Russia’s other North republics Caucus

When it comes to the peace process we can easily see the women’s role on peacemaking. Although some difficulties have occurred, women have being so effectively in history. For instance conflicts in Cyprus, Bosnia and Africa women played a crucial factor on negotiation. However they are always in the background when it comes to rebuilding the war-torn society. Its fair to say the international institutions making an effort is being a voice for women that created policy with democratic program entitled ‘Win With Women’ in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The party program ultimately mission is to accommodate women’s attendance. And also, women have been companied with the DDR as they fighting with forces. With this framework, they have supported the conflicts on Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Rwanda etc. DDR programs should be clearly outlined to show the inequalities between men and women in society. When the notion of DDR is considered, it’s important to understand who does what in a particular community. There are many ways to achieve this goal, however, objectively enlarging the participation of women’s organizations and peace movements in debates. Other institutions designed in Columbia to (FARC) to concentrate on peace talks by the end of the 90s..

Emergence of Woman in Political Life

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In the late 1980’s discussions over women’s role in political, social, and economical was hardly made regarding the changes in the countries. Interestingly, the first highlighting was made by ‘Perestroika’ in the Soviet Union, and since then, economical reform throughout Eastern Europe was being thoroughly analysed. With the significant research of feminists, the role of women has dynamically turned into a positive perspective where societies used to have taken a second look abou it. Thus women have slowly been a part of the examinations and identified as dynamic individuals towards changes. Simultaneously, there has been major carelessness of comparative evaluation of men and women, and as a result of this, Eastern Europe experienced revolutions rooted by cultural and religious identity conflicts.

The Helsinki Conference – 1991, however, pointed out the attention of women’s role in society under capitalism. During this conference, Valentine M. Moghadam, author of Democratic Reform & the Position of Women in Transitional Economies, highlighted the level of impact of women in Central and Eastern Europe. Her main arguments enforced with political, economic and social reforms prior to the Soviet Union. She argued that women’s rights can be seen as a measure of the level of democracy and social achievements as well as socialists and feminists.(!) Sharon Wolchcik, another professor of Central & Eastearn European politics professor from the University of Michigan, also questioned the role of women during the collapse of communism and she focused more on how women participated to democratic and economic life. According to Wolchcik, solution lies in the communist era when women took over education and employment. However, one thing that refuses to change was the *division* of it between man and women in family life. Moreover, she supported that young mothers were forced to stay at home until their children reached the age of three.. Another opinion comes from sociologist Barbara Einhorn about gender and political change who also support the views of Wolchick and suggests that we should not be misguided from the past. The main arguments are about the representations of women in the field of politics.

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Another considerable point is about the female role in European economy has transitioned to a market economy. In fact, women’s involvement in the economic reform resulted with a negative outcome. Take the situation in Hungary and Poland which are provides evidence that women are more likely to remain unemployed for a longer period of time.. However, according to authors of Women & Economy: A Reader: Ellen Mutari and Deborah M. Figart, (pg 6, section 1) women in the economy are best described as: “Feminist economics is also not about fender-mental differences between men and women economists and therefore does not hold the view that women economists do economics in a different way from men economists do, or even that women economists have a special pipeline to understanding women’s economic situation”. Women and feminists alike, argue the importance of gender equality within the employment sector. Caroline Sweetman who is a professor gender & development criticize the women’s role as workers which their skills reflects in their low wages and low bargaining power. When analysts reviewed the policy of womens wages they informed the policy-makers to reconsider salary. However this appeal was quickly rejected and it let to low householder incomes. This causes major inequality within gender and development. At the same time its important to highlight the contributions of men and women within economy. Furthermore, developed the tools needed to make this happen. This entirely relies on stronger efforts made identify gender equality as a key subject in economic development. The fact that women and men have differences about their natural abilities, social norms and institutions. Feminist economists also highlighted different value attributed by society to men and women. Also feminist economists attributed to unpaid work which included domestic tasks such as childcare, cleaning etc. All of this unpaid works depend to having a child to keep this going on. Also Amartya Sen pointed out the people should forget to traditional stereotypes of man being breadwinner. It causes the value of women to be significantly reduced and undermines their contribution to the household and society as a whole. Society has expectation of women when it comes to their role such as nursing, catering taking on the position of secretary and admin.