Over the past several years regional integrations have become one of the crucial features of the international system, and it leap out to world politics more than before. In this regard, I will try and assess how does regional interdependence influence the prospects for conflict and integration.
In political literature, regionalism is the most significant factor that focuses a particular region as traditional or official, and it counters the regions influence and political power either through the movements for limited form of autonomy. When we look at regionalist behaviours we often see a favour loose federator or confederate over a unitary.
In today’s world regionalism redefining as many part of the world is looking for ways to integrate themselves into international system. Putting into consideration this, first regional arrangements appears as the most effective way of doing so. From this perspective, regionalism and globalization may think as relative cases. Regionalism includes one aspect of globalization, but also pluralism with external and internal factors. This is also motivating the forces into more regional cooperation, and they are currently developing in different parts of the world.
For one, regional agreements cover different combinations of economic, social, political, security concerns and there are a lot of diverse forms of interactions which states also encourage regional cooperation too. Economic cooperation mostly related with the commercial favouritism but it does not include any domestic instructions for common action in the international area, while political cooperation reflects the traditional values within the state. States determines their foreign policy or any kind of security means with inform each other as a part of cooperation.
On the other hand, every state has their own unique cultural features which determine their foreign policy. Culture identity defines external limits by persuading members of the community to believe in the uniqueness of their culture. It reveals as a comparative effect of basic cultural norms, instead of ideology or economic essentials. Furthermore, understanding the role of culture in world politics has been given added tied to cultural methods that has occur outstanding to post-medieval globalization, and distinct cultures meeting with the emergence of global community and accepting the cosmopolitan culture.
Differences in the local context of interaction determines states’ international behaviour as well as their domestic attributes. Take China for example, despite a tremendous growth in economy it does not reveal as a super military or political power conversely with US. Instead, it presents more optimistic foreign policy behavior based on ‘live in peace all together’. This can observe through the solved problems with many countries from Middle East and Eurasia such as Afghanistan, Nepal, and Kazakhstan since mid ‘60s. China also trying to maintain the stability related energy & cultural policies in the region, signing harassment settlements with other Asian countries.
Isolating the domestic processes within countries cannot account for the observed variation in distribution of political democracy over time and space, and that the likelihood of transitions is strongly related to changes in neighbouring countries and the prior history of the regional context.